Cambridge is considered as one of the first settlements in the United States of America. Let’s take a look on how it all began and how Cambridge became what it is today.
The Rich History of Cambridge
In the year 1630, a fleet of 11 ships carrying around 700 passengers from England came to Massachusetts Bay Colony. These Puritans were quite hopeful to build a new community at a place purer, somewhat a more Biblical church.
The newcomers found their place and settled in many villages around the bay, however, they could not agree on a capital. John Winthrop and his assistants chose a small hill in the northern part of the Charles River, at an entrance to a small creek. This is just 5 miles upstream of Boston, considered as a protected site. Later on, a series of stockade fences and trench were built around the town.
Until 1638, Cambridge was called as Newtowne. It comes with an orderly grid of streets, bounded by the Eliot Square today, as well as the Linden Street, Massachusetts Avenue and River. Every family owned a house and lot within the village with planting fields right outside their homes. The only way to Boston during the earlier times was through riding a ferry at the foot of the JFK Street. This was before the Great Bridge was built in from 1660-1662.
Eventually, Newtowne had more facilities for its citizens like the meeting house, a school, and of course, a marketplace. The Harvard College, one of the first ever colleges in America, was founded in 1636, known to train young men for the ministry and leadership positions.
During the American Revolution, Cambridge was just quiet village, clustered near the Common and the College. Most of the residents here were descendants of the original Puritans, who were farmers, artisans, as well as tradesmen. A small group of Anglicans were quite distinct. These were barely a dozen of households; they lived apart from the villages, relied on incomes outside.
Cambridge as a City
Cambridge later became a city in the year 1846, uniting three different villages. These are the Old Cambridge, Cambridgeport, and the East Cambridge. The Old Cambridge was slowly growing with its charming rural appeal. There were a small number of shops that cater the needs of the community. On the other hand, the Cambridgeport grew along the roads leading to the Great Bridge. Houses spread out the Massachusetts Avenue, wherein the Central Square became the true downtown area. And last but not the least, the East Cambridge. It started developments in 1809, when the Canal Bridge was completed. This area was considered as the major industrial center during the 1880s.
As of the moment, Cambridge is a home to a population of over 95,000, with a very diverse culture and interesting eye for arts. Over fifty languages are spoken on the streets of the city, which may include Spanish, Creole, Portuguese, Chinese, Amharic, and even Korean. Of course, this is where great schools stand like the Harvard, Radcliffe, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Why Choose a Home at Cambridge?
- Packed with interesting history and home to a diverse culture
- Learn different languages
- Center for education, where the best schools and colleges can be found
- Comes with several technology-based enterprises